Languages of Europe

A comparative vocabulary of the languages of Europe.

National languages in bold

Original Languages

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Anglo-Frisian / Anglic
English
English Dialects
Scots

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Anglo-Frisian / Frisian / West
West Frisian

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Anglo-Frisian / Frisian / East
East Frisian (Saterland)
East Frisian (Wangerooge)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Anglo-Frisian / Frisian / North / Mainland Dialects
North Frisian (Halligen)
North Frisian - North Goesharde (Ockholm)
North Frisian - North Goesharde (Langenhorn)
North Frisian - Mooring (Niebüll)
North Frisian (Wiedingharde)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Anglo-Frisian / Frisian / North / Island Dialects
North Frisian (Sylt)
North Frisian (East Föhr)
North Frisian (West Föhr)
North Frisian (Amrum)
North Frisian (Helgoland)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Saxon / Low German
Low German (West)
Low German (North)
Low German (East)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / North Sea Germanic / Saxon / Dutch Low Saxon
Dutch Low Saxon (Gronings)
Dutch Low Saxon (Stellingwerfs)
Dutch Low Saxon (Drents)
Dutch Low Saxon (Urkers)
Dutch Low Saxon (Sallands)
Dutch Low Saxon (Twents)
Dutch Low Saxon (Achterhoeks)
Dutch Low Saxon (Veluws)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Weser-Rhine / Low Franconian
Dutch
Zeelandic
Flemish
Limburgish

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Weser-Rhine / Central German / West / Ripuarian Franconian
Cologne German

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Weser-Rhine / Central German / West / Moselle Franconian
Luxemburgish
Lorraine German (Moselle)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Weser-Rhine / Central German / West / Rhine Franconian
Lorraine German (Rhine)

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Weser-Rhine / Central German / East
German

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Rhine / Upper German / North
Yiddish

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Elbe / Upper German / Bavarian
Austro-Bavarian

Indo-European / Germanic / West / Elbe / Upper German / Alemannic
Swabian German
Alsace German
Swiss German

Indo-European / Germanic / North / West
Icelandic
Faroese
Shetland Norn (Nynorn)
Norwegian (Nynorsk)

Indo-European / Germanic / North / East
Norwegian
Danish
Scanian
Swedish

Indo-European / Celtic / Insular / Brythonic
Welsh
Welsh Dialects
Cornish
Breton
Breton (Vannes)

Indo-European / Celtic / Insular / Goidelic
Irish
Scottish Gaelic
Manx

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Ibero-Romance
Portuguese
Galician
Mirandese
Leonese
Asturian
Aragonese
Spanish
Ladino

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Occitano-Romance / Catalan
Valencian
Catalan
Mallorquin
Catalan of Alghero

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Occitano-Romance / Occitan
Aranese
Gascon
Occitan
Provençal
Niçard
Auvergnat
Limousin

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Gallo-Romance / Francoprovençal
Francoprovençal
Val D'Aosta

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Gallo-Romance / Langues d'Oïl
French
Gallo
Jersey French
Guernsey French
Picard
Ch’ti
Walloon
Walloon (Charleroi)
Walloon (Namur)
Walloon (Liège)

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Rhaeto-Romance
Romansch
Romansch (Sursilvan)
Romansch (Sutsilvan)
Romansch (Surmiran)
Romansch (Upper Engadine)
Romansch (Lower Engadine)
Ladin (Val di Fassa)
Ladin (Val Gardena)
Ladin (Val Badia)
Ladin (Fodom)
Friulian
Friulian (Faggin-Nazzi spelling)

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Gallo-Italic
Piedmontese
Lombard (Milan)
Lombard (Ticino)
Emilian (Bologna)
Ligurian (Genoa)
Monégasque

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Venetian
Venetian

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / West / Istriot
Istriot

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / South / Italo-Romance
Corsican
Italian
Romanesco (Lazio)
Neapolitan
Sicilian

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / Dalmatian
Vegliot

Indo-European / Romance / Continental Romance / East
Romanian
Moldovan
Transnistrian Moldovan
Aromanian

Indo-European / Romance / Insular Romance
Sardinian

Indo-European / Hellenic
Greek

Indo-European / Armenian
Armenian (Western)
Armenian (Eastern)

Indo-European / Indo-Iranian / Iranian / Ossetic
Ossetic

Indo-European / Indo-Iranian / Indo-Aryan / Romani
Romani (Bulgaria)
Romani (Latvia)

Indo-European / Albanian
Albanian
Albanian (Gheg)
Albanian (Kosovo)
Arberesh

Indo-European / Balto-Slavic / Slavic / South / East
Bulgarian
Macedonian

Indo-European / Balto-Slavic / Slavic / South / West
Serbian
Montenegrin
Bosnian
Croatian
Slovene

Indo-European / Balto-Slavic / Slavic / East
Russian
Belarusian
Ukrainian
Rusyn

Indo-European / Balto-Slavic / Slavic / West
Slovak
Czech
Upper Sorbian
Lower Sorbian
Silesian
Polish
Kashubian

Indo-European / Balto-Slavic / Baltic / East
Lithuanian
Samogitian
Latgalian
Latvian

Uralic / Finno-Ugric / Finnic / Balto-Finnic
Livonian
Võro
Estonian
Votic
Ingrian
Finnish
Karelian
Veps

Uralic / Finno-Ugric / Finnic / Sami
Inari Sami (Inari Lappish)
North Sami (North Lappish)

Uralic / Finno-Ugric / Finnic / Volgaic
Mordvin - Moksha
Mordvin - Erzya
Mari (Cheremis)

Uralic / Finno-Ugric / Finnic / Permic
Udmurt (Votyak)
Komi (Zyrian)

Uralic / Finno-Ugric / Ugric / Ob-Ugric
Khanty (Ostyak)
Mansi (Vogul)

Uralic / Finno-Ugric / Ugric / Magyar
Hungarian

Uralic / Samoyedic / Northern
Nenets (Yurak)

Uralic / Samoyedic / Southern
Selkup

Turkic / South-West
Turkish
Gagauz
Azerbaijani

Turkic / North-West / Kipchak-Bulgar
Tatar

Turkic / Oghur
Chuvash

Basque
Basque

Caucasian / Kartvelian
Georgian

Caucasian / North East
Chechen

Semitic / West / Central
Maltese

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